After a recruit decides to join the Military, they begin the training phase of service. During this time, they acquire the skills they need to be fully prepared for the beginning of their careers. In this section, discover the differences in training between enlisted and officers, learn about advanced training and more.
BEFORE BOOT CAMP
To succeed in boot camp, young adults should prepare themselves physically and mentally. Daily cardio, weight training, push-ups and sit-ups are a must. They should also practice arriving early on a regular basis and sticking to a strict schedule. Finally, potential recruits should delegate personal affairs to family or friends so they can focus on their training. For example, they will need to figure out who will pay the bills, collect the mail and manage any bank accounts while they are at boot camp.
Basic Training – often called boot camp – prepares recruits for all elements of service: physical, mental and emotional. It gives service members the basic tools necessary to perform the roles that will be asked of them for the duration of their tour. Each of the Services has its own training program, tailoring the curriculum to the specialized nature of its role in the Military.
No matter which branch of the Service a recruit chooses, Basic Training is an intense experience. However, 90 percent complete their first six months of service. The purpose of this training isn’t to “break” recruits. In fact, the combination of physical training, field exercises and classroom time makes individuals strong and capable. It’s a tough process, but a rewarding one that many service members value for life.
Skill training refers to the instruction a service member receives in his or her assigned military career field. Sometimes referred to as Advanced Individual Training (AIT), or simply Advanced Training, skill training takes place after a service member completes Basic Training.
Depending on career specialty, a service member attends one of many diverse skill training schools. While there, he or she learns the skills necessary to succeed at his or her specific career through hands-on training, classroom sessions and field instruction.
While the purpose and fundamentals of AIT remain consistent across all Service branches, each offers its own unique experience.
Army Advanced Individual Training School
Army Advanced Individual Training spans 17 career fields ranging from artillery to avionics. More than just hands-on career training and field instruction, Army AIT focuses on discipline and work ethic – two important virtues both in and out of the Military.
Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) School
The Marine Corps stays ready by training every Marine for a specific role that contributes to the mission. Marine Corps advanced training can be broken down into three elements: ground combat, aviation combat and logistics combat.
Navy “A” School
The Navy refers to its Advanced Individual Training as “A” School and offers technical training in many different career fields, from arts and photography to world languages.
Air Force Technical Training
Air Force technical training provides instruction on mechanical, administrative, general and electronic careers from highly trained instructors with years of experience in the field. Much of Air Force technical training can be applied toward college credit.
Coast Guard “A” School
The Coast Guard and the Coast Guard Reserve train enlistees in a variety of career fields, including safety and law enforcement, maritime patrols, technology, environmental operations and business administration.